Lesson 10 Present Middle/Passive Indicative

I. Review (Lesson 3)

II. Present Middle/Passive Indicative

III. Deponent

IV. [Optional]Functions of the Greek Middle

(The vast majority of middle forms you will meet are deponent.)
  1. Direct (Reflexive): e.g., to clothe oneself, to wash oneself
    Matt 27:5 ἀπήγξατο. He hanged himself.

  2. Indirect (Benefactive, Self-interest): for oneself
    Jas 4:3 You ask (αἰτεῖτε) and do not receive because you ask (αἰτεῖσθε) wrongly.
    [Note the first “ask” is active and the second middle]

  3. Causative: e.g., to get oneself washed
    1Cor 6:11 ἀλλὰ ἀπελούσασθε, ἀλλὰ ἡγιάσθητε, ἀλλὰ ἐδικαιώθητε.
    But you got yourselves washed, you were sanctified, you were justified.
    [Note the first verb is in the middle, while the last two passive. It seems to imply: while sanctification and justification is done by God, the washing away of sin, though done by God, involves our willing participation.]

  4. Deliberative: e.g., to deliberate with oneself, to agree with one another
    Luke 14:31 He will first take counsel (βουλεύσεται) if he is able...


Mark 3:20 Kαὶ ἔρχεται εἰς οἶκον.

Mark 10:26 τίς δύναται σωθῆναι (to be saved);

Matt 3:14 ἐγὼ χρείαν (need) ἔχω ὑπὸ σοῦ βαπτισθῆναι (to be baptized), καὶ σὺ ἔρχῃ πρός με;

Mark 4:1 συνάγεται πρὸς αὐτὸν ὄχλος.

John 14:6 ἐγώ εἰμι ἡ ὁδὸς καὶ ἡ ἀλήθεια καὶ ἡ ζωή. οὐδεὶς ἔρχεται πρὸς τὸν πατέρα εἰ μὴ δι’ ἐμοῦ.

Vocabulary. Paradigm. Exercise. Memorize John 14:6.