Lesson 8 Third Declension

I. Introduction

II. Case Endings

III. Major classes

  1. Mute stems (see paradigms)
  2. Liquid stems (-ν and -ντ) (see paradigms)
  3. Syncopated stems (-ερ): πατήρ, ἀνήρ (see paradigms)
  4. Neuter -ματ stems: ὄνομα (see paradigm)
  5. Neuter -εσ stems: ἔθνος
  6. Consonantal ι stems: πίστις (see paradigm)
  7. Digamma stems (-ευ and -ου)

IV. Gender


John 1:14 Καὶ ὁ λόγος σὰρξ ἐγένετο (he/she/it became).

John 1:26 ἐγὼ βαπτίζω (I baptize) ἐν ὕδατι.

John 4:17 οὐκ ἔχω ἄνδρα.

John 10:30 ἐγὼ καὶ ὁ πατὴρ ἕν ἐσμεν.

John 5:43 ἐγὼ ἐλήλυθα (I have come) ἐν τῷ ὀνόματι τοῦ πατρός μου.

Matt 12:27 οἱ υἱοὶ ὑμῶν ἐν τίνι ἐκβάλλουσιν (they cast out);

Luke 18:2 κριτής (a judge) τις ἦν ἔν τινι πόλει.

1Cor 9:22 τοῖς πᾶσιν γέγονα (I have become) πάντα, ἵνα πάντως (by all means) τινὰς σώσω (I might save).

Jas 2:24 ἐξ ἔργων δικαιοῦται (he/she/it is justified) ἄνθρωπος καὶ οὐκ ἐκ πίστεως μόνον.

2Cor 13:14 (GNT 13:13) χάρις τοῦ κυρίου Ἰησοῦ Xριστοῦ καὶ ἡ ἀγάπη τοῦ θεοῦ καὶ ἡ κοινωνία (fellowship) τοῦ ἁγίου πνεύματος μετὰ πάντων ὑμῶν.

Vocabulary. Master Case Ending Chart and The 8 Noun Rules. Exercise 8, and the remaining part of Exercise 7.

Go over the paradigms of classes 1-4 and 6 (e.g., σάρξ, χάρις, εἷς, πᾶς, πατήρ, ἀνήρ, ὄνομα, πίστις). Do not try to memorize them. Instead, see how the master chart and rules are applied. Concentrate on recognition.

For paradigms of classes 5 and 7, ignore them for now. Come back when you learn new vocabulary: e.g., βασιλεύς in lesson 12, ἔθνος in 24.