Exercise 16 Second Aorist Active & Middle Indicative

Translate, parse the underlined words, and explain any significance of the tenses used.

1. 1Cor 15:3 Χριστὸς ἀπέθανεν ὑπὲρ τῶν ἁμαρτιῶν ἡμῶν κατὰ τὰς γραφὰς.

2. Mark 9:22 καὶ πολλάκις (often) καὶ εἰς πῦρ αὐτὸν ἔβαλεν καὶ εἰς ὕδατα.
(The context is a father describing what an evil spirit did to his son.)

3. John 4:18 πέντε (five) γὰρ ἄνδρας ἔσχες καὶ νῦν ὅν ἔχεις οὐκ ἔστιν σου ἀνήρ.

4. John 19:38 ἦλθεν οὖν καὶ ἦρεν τὸ σῶμα αὐτοῦ.

5. Mark 1:35 ἐξῆλθεν καὶ ἀπῆλθεν εἰς ἔρημον (desolate) τόπον κἀκεῖ προσηύχετο.
(κἀκεῖ = καί + ἐκεῖ)

6. Mark 14:16 καὶ ἐξῆλθον οἱ μαθηταὶ καὶ ἦλθον εἰς τὴν πόλιν καὶ εὗρον καθὼς εἶπεν αὐτοῖς.
(The context is the preparation of the Passover.)

7. Acts 4:20 οὐ δυνάμεθα γὰρ ἡμεῖς ἃ εἴδαμεν καὶ ἠκούσαμεν μὴ λαλεῖν (to speak).

8. 1Cor 2:8 εἰ γὰρ ἔγνωσαν, οὐκ ἂν τὸν κύριον τῆς δόξης ἐσταύρωσαν.
(ἐσταύρωσαν: its lexical form is σταυρόω = I crucify. Which class of condition is this? And how would that affect your translation and understanding?)

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