Vocabulary 17

Verbs
ἄγω I lead, bring, go (αγ-, 67)
ἄξω, ἥγαγον, -, ἦγμαι, ἤχθην, (ἦγον)
(In the 3rd pp, the root αγ- reduplicates to αγαγ-)
ὑπάγω I depart (υπ + αγ-, 79)
ὑπάξω, ὑπήγαγον, -, ὑπῆγμαι, ὑπήχθην, (ὑπῆγον)
φοβέομαι I fear (φοβε-, 95, phobia)
-, -, -, -, ἐφοβήθην, (ἐφοβούμην)
χαίρω I rejoice (χαρ-, 74)
χαρήσομαι, -, -, -, ἐχάρην, (ἔχαιρον)
(Future: η inserted bforeTF, deponent; 2nd aor passive)

Others
ἕκαστος, -η, -ον each, every (εκαστο/η-, 82)
ἱμάτιον, τό, -ου garment, cloak (ιματιο-, 60)
ὄρος, τό, ὄρους mountain, hill (ορεσ-, 63)

 

Aorist passive of some previous verbs
ἀκούω ἠκούσθην (some verbs insert σ between stem and TF)
ἀποκρίνομαι ἀπεκρίθην (stem v is lost before TF)
ἀποκτείνω ἀπεκτάνθην (stem vowel ε shifts to α due to ablaut)
βάλλω ἐβλήθην (stem vowel α drops out and η inserted before TF)
γίνομαι ἐγενήθην (η inserted before TF)
διδάσκω ἐδιδάχθην (διδακ-)
εὑρίσκω εὑρέθην (ε inserted before TF)
θέλω ἠθελήθην (η augment; η inserted before TF)
καλέω ἐκλήθην (stem vowel α drops out and ε lengthens)
κρίνω ἐκρίθην (stem ν is lost before TF)
λαμβάνω ἐλήμφθην (stem vowel α drops out and μ inserted)
λέγω (λεγ-) ἐρρέθην (ϝερ-, ρ doubled and ε inserted before TF)
ὁράω (ορα-) ὤφθην (οπ-. The meaning is “appear” in the passive)
πίνω ἐπόθην (stem vowel ι shifts to ο due to ablaut)
σῴζω ἐσώθην (σωδ- should yield ἐσώσθην, but σ drops out)

 
 

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