Lesson 12 Future Active/Middle Indicative


I. Forming the Future Active/Middle Indicative


II. Special cases

  1. Mute stem verbs: Recall the Square of Stops
    Ex. βλέψω, συνάξω
  2. Contract verbs: the final stem vowel lengthens before TF
    (Lengthening: α and ε lengthen to η, and ο to ω)
    Ex. ἀγαπήσω, ποιήσω, πληρώσω
  3. Liquid verbs:


III. Functions

  1. Predictive Future: e.g. John 11:48
  2. Imperatival Future: e.g. Mark 12:30
  3. [Optional]Deliberative Future (“Should we?” “How can we?”):
    Rom 6:2 οἵτινες ἀπεθάνομεν (we died) τῇ ἁμαρτίᾳ, πῶς ἔτι ζήσομεν ἐν αὐτῇ;

 
 

Examples
John 11:48 πάντες πιστεύσουσιν εἰς αὐτόν.

Luke 10:28 τοῦτο ποίει (do!) καὶ ζήσῃ.

Matt 4:10 κύριον τὸν θεόν σου προσκυνήσεις.

2Cor 6:16 ἔσομαι αὐτῶν θεὸς καὶ αὐτοὶ ἔσονταί μου λαός.

Jonn 14:16 (I will ask the Father, and He will give you another Comforter, so that He may abide with you forever,
Jonn 14:17 the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot accept, because it does not see Him, nor know Him. But you know Him,)
ὅτι παρ' ὑμῖν μένει καὶ ἐν ὑμῖν ἔσται.
What is the significance of the tenses here? Should μένει be μενεῖ?

 

Memorization
Mark 12:30 καὶ ἀγαπήσεις κύριον τὸν θεόν σου
ἐξ ὅλης τῆς καρδίας σου
καὶ ἐξ ὅλης τῆς ψυχῆς σου
καὶ ἐξ ὅλης τῆς διανοίας
(mind) σου
καὶ ἐξ ὅλης τῆς ἰσχύος
(strength) σου.

 
 

Assignments
Vocabulary. Paradigms. Exercise. Memorize Mark 12:30a.