Exercise 7 Pronouns


Translate each sentence, find all pronouns, and identify the case of each.

Personal Pronouns

1. John 20:28 ἀπεκρίθη Θωμᾶς καὶ εἶπεν αὐτῷ· ὁ κύριός μου καὶ ὁ θεός μου.
 

2. Mark 1:11 καὶ φωνὴ ἐγένετο (he/she/it came) ἐκ τῶν οὐρανῶν· σὺ εἶ ὁ ἀγαπητός.
 

3. John 4:2 Ἰησοῦς αὐτὸς οὐκ ἐβάπτιζεν (he/she/it was baptizing) ἀλλ' οἱ μαθηταὶ αὐτοῦ.
 

4. Acts 2:36 καὶ κύριον αὐτὸν καὶ χριστὸν ἐποίησεν (he/she/it made) ὁ θεός.
 (καί... καί... = "both... and...")
 

5. John 2:24 αὐτὸς δὲ Ἰησοῦς οὐκ ἐπίστευεν (he/she/it entrusted) αὐτὸν αὐτοῖς.
 
 
 

Demonstrative Pronouns

1. John 18:36 ἡ βασιλεία ἡ ἐμὴ οὐκ ἔστιν ἐκ τοῦ κόσμου τούτου.
 

2. John 12:30 ἀπεκρίθη Ἰησοῦς καὶ εἶπεν· οὐ δι' ἐμὲ ἡ φωνὴ αὕτη γέγονεν (he/she/it came) ἀλλὰ δι' ὑμᾶς.
 

3. John 9:16 οὐκ ἔστιν οὗτος παρὰ θεοῦ ὁ ἄνθρωπος, ὅτι τὸ σάββατον οὐ τηρεῖ (he/she/it keeps).
 

4. John 15:12 Αὕτη ἐστὶν ἡ ἐντολὴ ἡ ἐμή, ἵνα ἀγαπᾶτε (you love) ἀλλήλους καθὼς ἠγάπησα (I loved) ὑμᾶς.
 
 
 

Relative Pronouns

1. John 2:22 ἐπίστευσαν (they believed) τῇ γραφῇ καὶ τῷ λόγῳ ὃν εἶπεν ὁ Ἰησοῦς.
 

2. 1John 2:25 καὶ αὕτη ἐστὶν ἡ ἐπαγγελία (promise) ἥν αὐτὸς ἐπηγγείλατο (he/she/it promised) ἡμῖν, τὴν ζωὴν τὴν αἰώνιον.
 

3. Matt 11:4 ἀπαγγείλατε (Announce!) Ἰωάννῃ ἅ ἀκούετε καὶ βλέπετε.
 
 
 

Interrogative & Indefinite Pronouns (Doafterlearning Third Declention)

1. Rom 8:9 εἰ δέ τις πνεῦμα Χριστοῦ οὐκ ἔχει, οὗτος οὐκ ἔστιν αὐτοῦ.
 

2. Rom 8:31 Τί οὖν ἐροῦμεν (we shall say) πρὸς ταῦτα; εἰ ὁ θεὸς ὑπὲρ ἡμῶν, τίς καθ' ἡμῶν;
 

3. Mark 2:24 ἴδε τί ποιοῦσιν (they do) τοῖς σάββασιν ὃ οὐκ ἔξεστιν (it is lawful);
(τοῖς σάββασιν = on the Sabbath. This is one of the functions of dative, Locative Dative of Time. There is a peculiarity of the word σάββατον: instead of the expected σάββατοις, it uses a third declension ending to form its dative plural.)
 
 
 

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